Jump to content
Search In
  • More options...
Find results that contain...
Find results in...

Scripting tutorial in Leadwerks development environment


ЖYueЖ

183 views

I do not pretend that this tutorial is an absolute truth, it is just how I have learned to do things, very possibly I am wrong, but always willing to learn. 

When programming, it is extremely necessary to plan what you want to do, a coding project should be divided into blocks, function files. 

It is like writing a book, by pages, by chapters, I speak of a book of modern times, those books that you can touch and pass its pages with a finger wet in saliva, of course because of the pandemic I think that is a danger to do.


Resultado de imagen de Libro

 

Well, it is another thing to make a codification as if we were in the first century of our era writing the history of Egypt on a parchment.

Resultado de imagen de rollos mar muerto

 

What I mean by these two examples of the book and the papyrus is that it is good to break the whole code into parts, as when you create a wall, which is made up of much smaller blocks. Unless you are a machine, you will surely put all the code of the player entity in a single script (scroll), but as I have found it easier and more comfortable to simulate a development environment focused on object programming in Lua Script. 

And how do I do this, through the use of tables. 

function Script:Start()


end

This is the Start function of a file attached to a player entity. Inside it I can put everything I can think of for the player entity, ragdoll effect, movement, hud system for life indicators, oxygen, animations, etc.  But I feel more comfortable splitting this into files, let's see an example.

 

import("Scripts/Objects/Player/Classes/CPlayer.lua")

function Script:Start()


		self.player = CPlayer:New()

end

With the Import command, I link another file called CPlayer ( Player Class ), remember this is a kind of simulation of classes and objects. 

And in that file I have the following. 

 

import("Scripts/Objects/Player/Classes/CRagDoll.lua")

CPlayer={}
	function CPlayer:New()

		local this={}
			this.ragDoll = CRagDoll:Start()
			
			

			
			
			

			function this:Start()

		
			end

			this:Start()

		return( this )
	end

As you can see, inside that CPlayer file, I import another file called CRagdoll, and the principle is totally the same, I repeat this is the way I have found this is more comfortable for me, possibly you feel better putting everything in one file.


What is a class?
 

The best way to understand what a class is, is to think of a cookie mold, from which many cookie objects come out, these objects differ from each other in the flavor of the cookie, its color, its texture. That is to say, from a House class, we can create many houses, where their properties such as color and materials vary a little, making each house different. 

 

So let's create a Globe class in Lua Script.

 

CGlobe={}
	
	function CGlobe:Start()




	end

That's how simple we create our mock class in Lua, a balloon class, where we create balloon objects. The next step is to define the properties of the balloon object, for example its color.

 

CGlobe={}
	
	function CGlobe:New()

			local this={}
  
  				this.color = "Red"
  
  			function this:Create()
				System:Print("Create Globe... OK!)
			end
    		this:Create()

			function this:SetColor(color)
      				this.color = color
      		end
    
    		function this:GetColor()
      				return ( this.color )
      		end
      		
			return ( this )

	end

At this point I create the constructor of the object, it is simply the New function, which returns me the table this, and this calls the start function, creating a default object of red color. 

We have two methods or functions, SetColor, to give a new color to the balloon, and one called GetColor to retrieve the color of the balloon

It should be noted that by handling this file system, you can have a large number of well-organized "objects" on your project that do something. In this case you can create different balloons of different colors.

 

import("Scripts/Objects/Player/Classes/CGlobe.lua")

function Script:Start()
	self.myGlobeRed = CGlobe:Create()
	
	System:Print(self.myGlobeRed:GetColor())

	self.myGlobeOrange = CGlobe:Create()
	self.myGlobeOrange:SetColor("Orange")


end

This is the idea I want to convey, dividing a project into smaller parts will make your life much easier. viewer-Isaiah-kDrE--620x349@abc.jpg

 

  • Like 1

0 Comments


Recommended Comments

There are no comments to display.

Guest
Add a comment...

×   Pasted as rich text.   Paste as plain text instead

  Only 75 emoji are allowed.

×   Your link has been automatically embedded.   Display as a link instead

×   Your previous content has been restored.   Clear editor

×   You cannot paste images directly. Upload or insert images from URL.

×
×
  • Create New...